Diabetes is an unfortunate yet relatively common condition that impacts how the body processes glucose. Glucose is an essential energy source, but when diabetes is a concern, the body cannot regulate blood sugar levels properly, which leads to elevated glucose levels.
There are also two types of diabetes, with one occurring when the immune system attacks insulin-producing cells. Those with type 1 diabetes need to supplement insulin to regulate blood sugar. On the other hand, type 2 diabetes occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin or even becomes resistant to insulin processes, which also causes glucose levels to rise.
As a result, managing blood sugar levels is critical for anyone with diabetes. Here are some foods that can help lower blood sugar levels for better diabetes management.
Natural Peanut Butter
The best peanut butter for diabetics is natural peanut butter that is low in added sugars, high in good fats, and packed with healthy protein. The right peanut butter is an excellent source of fiber, vitamins and minerals, protein, and healthy fats. However, it’s key to steer clear of products that contain added sugars that will increase glucose levels.
Wholewheat, stone-ground bread, pumpernickel bread, and rye bread are top choices for diabetics. These breads have a lower glycemic index, which means they won’t impact blood sugar levels as much as white bread.
That said, bread to avoid are white bread, bagels, and breads with added sugars. Refined carbs can cause havoc for those living with diabetes as these foods can cause dangerous spikes in glucose levels.
Most Fruits, But Not All Fruits
Apples, apricots, blueberries, strawberries, avocados, grapes, and plums are excellent nutrient sources. However, not all fruits are suitable for those with diabetes. It’s best to avoid dried fruits; watermelon, pineapple, overripe bananas, and dates are fruits that you should only eat in moderation or avoid altogether.
Oatmeal is a top choice. This tasty breakfast or snack option has a low GI score, which means it won’t cause glucose spikes or dips. Oatmeal can reduce glucose and insulin response while improving insulin response.
Nuts And Seeds
Certain nuts and seeds, like raw almonds, walnuts, sunflower seeds, peanuts, and pecans, are great snack options. Even so, diabetics should avoid candied nuts, macadamia nuts, cashews, and roasted or salted nuts, as these varieties have higher GI scores.
Legumes, or peas and beans, offer a rich source of fiber, protein, and complex carbs. Black beans, pinto beans, hummus, snow peas, navy beans, and green beans are great additions to any diabetic diet. But it’s still essential to avoid bean products with added sugars.
Fatty fish offers a rich source of omega-3 fatty acids, healthy fats, and essential minerals. Anchovies, cod, sardines, salmon, and haddock are healthy fish products that can boost your energy levels and brain functions without negatively impacting glucose levels.
Whether you have diabetes type one or two, managing glucose levels is essential to prevent health complications and boost quality of life. Even though following a balanced diet cannot substitute medical care, including the right foods in your eating plan can reduce symptoms and help manage diabetes progression.